Library

Our library includes primary source documents about enforcement programs that target immigrants through the criminal justice system. Click on the title of each document to open it online. You can edit the file by highlighting text or adding notes.

Opt-Out Documents & Recommendations to Limit SCOMM Participation

ICE Memo: Setting the Record Straight
This Aug. 2010 memo addresses what ICE says are "several false claims" by CCR, NDLON and the Immigration Justice Clinic at Cardozo School of Law, and includes one of the first on-the-record statements about opt-ing out.
Letter to Rep. Zoe Lofgren signed by DHS Sec. Janet Napolitano
In this Sept. 8, 2010 letter Napolitano explains who to contact "if an agency chooses not to activate... Secure Communities."
ICE Letter to Santa Clara County Counsel
This Sept. 27, 2010 letter provides detailed answers to 3 questions about opting-out, complying with detainers and ICE access to inmates.
Advocates Letter on CAP & SCOMM to DHS OIG
More than a dozen immigrant rights groups ask DHS OIG to conduct audits into whether these programs "comport with basic constitutional protections, their Congressional mandates, and the agency's stated priorities."
Report by Santa Clara County Counsel on SCOMM Options
This report provides guidance to the Board of Supervisors on opting-out and other possible actions.
Opt-out Request Letter - Arlington County, VA
This letter to ICE Director John Morton notes "there must be a better way to achieve the federal and local public safety missions" than Secure Communities.
Opt-out Request Letter - Santa Clara County, CA
This letter to SCOMM Asst. Dir. David Venturella asks that the program's "de-activation take place immediately."
Opt-out Resolution - San Francisco County, CA
This resolution urges the sheriff's dept. and other agencies to opt-out of participating in SCOMM, noting it will "tear apart San Francisco families and eviscerate San Francisco's Sanctuary City Ordinance."
Opt-out Resolution - Santa Clara County, CA
This resolution directs the County Executive and County Counsel to notify ICE and the CA Dept. of Justice of Santa Clara's opposition to participating in SCOMM.
Opt-out Request - San Francisco County, CA
In this May 18, 2010 letter Sheriff Michael Hennessey asks ICE for its assistance in opting out of participation in Secure Communities.
Opt-out Recommendation - Orange County, NC
This report from the county's Human Relations Commission provides calls for transparency in data collection, creation of a grievance procedure, racial-profiling training and calls for citation instead of arrests for minor offenses."
 

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Secure Communities Interoperability Statistics

Secure Communities Interoperability Statistics: October 2009
This report shows there were 988,445 fingerprint transmissions and 118,890 matches in IDENT during this period. Level 1 offenders accounted for 11,219 of the hits, while Level 2/3 offenders accounted for 101,791. Those who later became US citizens accounted for 5,880 matches.
Secure Communities Interoperability Statistics: November 2009
This report shows there were 1,159,205 fingerprint transmissions and 137,525 matches in IDENT during this period. Level 1 offenders accounted for 112,881 of the hits, while Level 2/3 offenders accounted for 117,613. Those who later became US citizens accounted for 7,031 matches.
Secure Communities Interoperability Statistics: December 2009
This report shows there were 1,240,409 fingerprint transmissions and 155,521 matches in IDENT during this period. Level 1 offenders accounted for 14,667 of the hits, while Level 2/3 offenders accounted for 131,801. Those who later became US citizens accounted for 9,053 matches.
Secure Communities Interoperability Statistics: January 2010
This report shows IDENT/IAFIS produced 73,000 matches in the first four months of FY 2010, compared to 100,000 matches in all of FY 2009. Deployment to 28 new jurisdictions is identified as the main driver for increased identifications.
Secure Communities Interoperability Statistics: February 2010
This report shows IDENT/IAFIS produced 1,741,072 matches since October 2008. About 83 percent of the matches identified criminal aliens charged with or convicted of a Level 2 or Level 3 offense. About seven percent of matches identified U.S. citizens.
Secure Communities Interoperability Statistics: March 2010
This report shows IDENT/IAFIS produced more than 112,000 matches in the first six months of FY10 compared to 100,000 matches in all of FY 2009. During this time ICE expanded the interoperability systems to 47 new jurisdictions for a total of 135 jurisdictions in 17 states and 41 percent of the foreign born non-citizen population.
Secure Communities Interoperability Statistics: April 2010
This report shows IDENT/IAFIS produced 20,786 matches in April compared to 18,191 matches in March. A total of 3,703 aliens were removed from the country in April as a result of matches. Of these, 750 were charged with or convicted of a Level 1 offense.
Secure Communities Interoperability Statistics: May 2010
This report shows IDENT/IAFIS produced 23,412 matches in May compared to 20,817 matches in April. A total of 4,012 aliens were removed from the country in May as a result of matches. Of these, 826 were charged with or convicted of a Level 1 offense.
Secure Communities Interoperability Statistics: June 2010
This report shows IDENT/IAFIS produced 22,813 matches in June compared to 23,492 matches in May. A total of 4,475 aliens were removed from the country in June as a result of matches. Of these, 1,081 were charged with or convicted of a Level 1 offense.
Secure Communities Interoperability Statistics: July 2010
This report is labeled as providing data from July but it is actually a duplicate of the report for June 2010.
Secure Communities Interoperability Statistics by Conviction
This report does not specify the time frame it covers but appears to span from when the program began in 2008 to the April 2010. It lists the number of IDENT matches in each participating county by Level 1 and 2/3. It also lists the corresponding number of detainers issued for each county and the number of removals.
Secure Communities Interoperability Statistics: Nov. 2010
This report from ICE says the program produced more than 54,000 matches in the first two months of FY2011, compared to 248,000 in all of FY2010.

Secure Communities Documents

Plan to Utilize the FY 2009 Appropriation for the Removal of Criminal Aliens in Alignment with Secure Communities: A Comprehensive Plan to Identify and Remove Criminal Aliens
A December 2008 report on how ICE plans to obligate more than $1.4 billion in related to Secure Communities.
Secure Communities Budget Director Briefing
This presentation summarizes key goals and success stories of Secure Communities, and details its financial status as of July 26, 2009. It includes an estimate of $900 to $1.1 billion required to identify and remove all criminal aliens convicted of Level 1 crimes.
Secure Communities Field Training Handout
This 16-page handout shows a sample IDENT Data Response and a sample Immigration Alien Response. The "IDR/IAR" message contains information on up to five DHS encounters with the person, along with their biographical information.
Live AIR
This 2-page Immigration Alien Response (IAR) is a redacted version of an actual status report returned by ICE in response to a Immigration Alien Query sent after there is a positive fingerprint match in IDENT.
Sample AIRs
Fourteen pages of sample Immigration Alien Responses (IAR) returned by ICE in response to a Immigration Alien Query sent after there is a positive fingerprint match in IDENT.
Secure Communities Budget Numbers
A one-page document listing budget appropriations for Secure Communities in addition to the the amount allocated the previous year. The list spans from FY08 to FY11.
Secure Communities Quick Reference Guide
This heavily redacted 10-page guide includes sample Immigration Alien Responses and instructions for how to process a Secure Communities encounter in ENFORCE. It is unclear what date the guide was published.
Secure Communities Field Training
This 44-page guide appears to be a training manual for local law enforcement officers learning to participate in Secure Communities. It provides an overview of the program, biometric identification, and how it works and impacts Detention and Removal Operations processes.
Secure Communities Presentation for NY
This 51-page Detention and Removal Field Office Deployment Briefing was prepared on May 21, 2009. It includes a basic summary of how the program works, including how submissions are made to the IDENT system.
Secure Communities Talking Points
This four-page list of talking points appears to be presented by ICE on January 12, 2010 to the Police Executive Research Forum. It notes proper investment is required to "ensure the entire criminal alien enforcement process performs in an efficient and effective manner so that we are able to accommodate the increased the number of criminal aliens being identified."
   

Congressional Reports about Secure Communities

ICE Congressional Status Report for Secure Communities - First Quarter FY08
This quarterly status report covering April-June 2008 details accomplishments related to the expansion of Secure Communities.
ICE Congressional Status Report for Secure Communities - Fourth Quarter FY08
This quarterly status report details accomplishments related to the expansion of Secure Communities.
ICE Congressional Status Report for Secure Communities - First Quarter FY09
This quarterly status report details expanded Video Teleconferencing capabilities for the Department of Justice, Executive Office for Immigration Review, and the Criminal Alien Program (CAP); and the award of a major contract to support the Detention and Removal Operations Modernization Bed Space.
ICE Congressional Status Report for Secure Communities - Second Quarter FY09
This quarterly status report details accomplishments related to the expansion of Secure Communities, such as a five percent increase in criminal alien removals (29,038) as compared to this time the previous year (27,686).
ICE Congressional Status Report for Secure Communities - Third Quarter FY09
This quarterly status report details accomplishments related to the expansion of Secure Communities, such its deployment to 21 of 29 planned jurisdictions. All of the deployments were to Southwest border states, including two new states: California and New Mexico.
ICE Congressional Status Report for Secure Communities - Fourth Quarter FY09
This quarterly status report details accomplishments related to the expansion of Secure Communities. At the close of FY 2009, INDENT/IAFIS Interoperability had been deployed to 88 jurisdictions. Since the previous quarter, the total number of IDENT/IAFIS Interoperability biometric submissions increased by over 51 percent.
ICE Congressional Status Report for Secure Communities - First Quarter FY10
This quarterly status report details accomplishments related to the expansion of Secure Communities. In total, ICE programs and activities contributed to the removal of over 37,300 criminal aliens during First Quarter FY 2010, an increase of more than 30 percent from the same period in FY 2009.
ICE Congressional Status Report for Secure Communities - Second Quarter FY10
This quarterly status report show that during the second quarter of FY 20I0 there were 19 percent more IDENT matches than in the first quarter of FY 2010. The number of Level 1 matches increased by nearly 15 percent and the number of Level 1 removals and returns was nearly 22 percent higher than for the first quarter of FY 2010, and nearly 53 percent higher than for the fourth quarter FY 2009.
ICE Congressional FY 2011 Overview of Congressional Justification
This budget request provides supporting information about ICE salaries and expenses, and offers budget estimates by program and project activity. The request for Custody Operations, which includes Secure Communities and CAP totals 1.9 billion.
ICE Congressional Budget Request in Brief for FY 2011
This 159 page brief highlights the $146.9 million requested to continue nationwide implementation of the Secure Communities program.
   

ICE Data, Reports & Audits

Secure Communities Memorandum of Agreement
A template for ICE agreements with state identification bureaus to share send fingerprints from booking data at local jails with federal databases in order to identify and detain immigrant offenders.
"Activated Juristictions" with Secure Communities
This May 25, 2010 update from ICE lists the 20 states and 197 jurisdictions where ICE is gathering biometric information about immigrants in jail.
Secure Communities Statistics
This report by ICE, prepared Nov. 10, 2009, details the number of matches made through its IDENT system. Data for level 2 and 3 offenders is lumped together.
DHS OIG Report on 287(g)
This March 2010 report concludes "ICE cannot be assured that the 287(g) program is meeting its indented purpose, or that resources are being appropriately targeted toward aliens who pose the greatest risk to public safety and the community.
GAO Report on 287(g)
The Government Accountability Office reported to Congress in January 2009 on "better controls needed over program authorizing state and local enforcement of federal immigration laws."
Secure Communities Fact Sheet
This April 2010 primer by ICE explains the program's mission is to "identify and remove the most dangerous criminal aliens from the United States."
Secure Communities Operating Procedures
ICE's instructions and guidelines for county and law enforcement agencies participating in Secure Communities.
ICE Detention Levels
An April 2010 report on detainee populations in Immigration and Customs Enforcement facilities throughout the country.
Secure Communities Offense Levels & Categories
A detailed list of offenses ICE categories as Level 1, 2, or 3 crimes.
Transcript of House Homeland Security Appropriations Subcommittee Hearing on ICE Enforcement Budget
During this March 22, 2010 hearing, Rep. Price notes that, "after full rollout of the Secure Communities program, 80 percent of ICE detention capacity will be dedicated to criminals awaiting removal from this country."
ICE Memo on Civil Immigration Enforcement Priorities
This June 30, 2010 memo says "ICE must prioritize the use of its enforcement personnel, detention space, and removal resources" to focus on immigrants who "pose a danger to national security or a risk to public safety."
ICE Memo on Administrative Alternatives to Comprehensive Immigration Reform
This memo outlines administrative relief options "to promote family unity, foster economic growth, achieve significant process improvements and reduce the threat of removal for certain individuals in the United States without authorization."
Testimony of DHS Sec. Janet Napolitano Before the U.S. Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Govt. Affairs
This Feb. 2011 presentation requests $184 million for Secure Communities, an increase of $64 million over the 2010 budget allocation for the program.
Memo from ICE Director John Morton on Civil Immigration Enforcement
This March 2011 memo outlines ICE's priorities for the apprehension, detention and removal of immigrants, noting that ICE has resources to remove less than four percent of the estimated undocumented population in the United States.
 

Non-profit, Academic Studies & Reports

The Criminal Alien Program: Immigration Enforcement in Travis County, Texas
Attorney Andrea Guitin studied 300,000 inmate booking arrest records from 2001 through 2008 in Travis County and found more immigrants were detained for longer than the general population under the Criminal Alien Program.
The Persistence of Racial Profiling in Gwinnett
A March 2010 report by the ACLU of Georgia includes testimony about how 287(g) led to more racial profiling in Gwinnett County. Georgia does not require police to report arrests related to the program.
The Secure Communities Program
This special report from the Immigration Policy Center explains how the program works, what are the major concerns, and offers recommendations.
Terror and Isolation in Cobb
This October 2009 report by the ACLU of Georgia examines how "unchecked police power under 287(g) has torn families apart and threatened public safety."
Racial Profiling in the ICE Criminal Alien Progam
This report by Berkeley Law School's Warren Institute used arrest data related to ICE-local police partnership to show a marked rise in low-level arrests of Hispanics.
Secure Communities
The National Immigration Forum's critique of Secure Communities argues the program may lead to insecure communities.
The Costs of Mass Deportation
This March 2010 report by the Center for American Progress calculates the cost of mass deportation and concludes the $85 billion price tag for continued enforcement is impractical, expensive and ineffective.
Briefing Guide to Secure Communities
This summary of new findings based on documents released by ICE was prepared by the organizations that requested the files: Center for Constitutional Rights, NDLON and Cardoza Law School.
The Role of Local Police: Striking a Balance Between Immigration Enforcement and Civil Liberties
This April 2009 report by the Police Foundation was presented to the Subcommittee on Immigration, Citizenship, Refugees, Border Security, and International Law, Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. House of Representatives.
Delegation and Divergence: A Study of 287(g) State and Local Immigration Enforcement
This January 2011 report by the Migration Policy Institute assesses the implementation, outcomes, costs and community impact of the 287(g) program roughly eight years after it began, and one year after Pres. Obama announced changes to focus it on the removal of serious criminals.
Costs and Consequences: The High Price of Policing Immigrant Communities
This February 2011 report by the ACLU focuses on how immigration enforcement in California has diverted scarce resources from local law enforcement agencies and undermined trust between police and immigrants.
The Cost of Failure: The Burden of Immigration Enforcement in America's Cities
Drawing on the latest research, this April 2011 report from the Drum Major Institute examines three federal-local partnership programs that leverage urban communities and their resources in service of federal immigration enforcement goals—287(g), Secure Communities and the Criminal Alien Program — and finds they impose high costs on city budgets and local economies, prove counterproductive to protecting public safety, and draw support from a misguided understanding of the relationship between immigration and crime.

Other

Letter from Sen. Schumer to Gov. Brewer
The chairman of the Senate Subcommittee on Immigration asks Arizona to delay enactment of SB 1070 for one year to permit Congress to enact a "border first" bill that includes interior enforcement.
Letter: Take ICE Out of NYC
Dozens of clergy, part of the New Sanctuary Movement of New York City, sign a letter to Mayor Bloomberg asking him to stop letting ICE transfer as many as 4,000 jail inmates to immigrant detention each year.
Secure Communities Freedom of Information Request
A copy of the request filed by the National Day Laborer Organization (NDLON), the Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR), and the Immigration Justice Clinic of the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law.
D.C. Mayor's Memorandum
This 1984 memorandum by then Mayor Marion Barry instructs city employees not to inquire about citizenship or U.S. residency status unless federal regulations require them to do so.
Metro Police Dept. Statement on Collaboration with ICE
A statement signed by D.C. police chief, Cathy Lanier, that officers are prohibited from inquiring about citizenship or residency status for the purpose of enforcing civil immigration laws.
Real Enforcement with Practical Answers for Immigration Reform (REPAIR) Proposal
Senators Reid, Schumer and Menendez released this outline of a comprehensive reform package on April 29, 2010. A third of the proposal focuses on border and interior enforcement.
Committee on Appropriations Fact Sheet
Since retaking the majority in 2007, the Democratic Congress has prioritized increased investments protecting the borders, enforcing immigration laws and related technology.
The Faces of Detention and Deportation
A Report by Arlene M. Roberts on the Forced Repatriation of Immigrants from the English-Speaking Caribbean.
Providence, RI Ordinance Against Secure Communities
On March 3, 2011 the full Providence City Council passed an Anti-Secure Communities resolution recommended by the Providence City Council’s Committee on Ordinances.

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